Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

The ownership of Electric Vehicles (EVs) is growing across the nation. There are multiple choices shoppers may encounter when looking for a type of EV. Here we've summarized some of the most common ones.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

A Battery Electric Vehicle is what's usually referred to when talking about EVs. These fully electric vehicles don't utilize a gasoline engine. The energy utilized to run the vehicle comes from a rechargeable battery pack. BEVs are considered zero-emission vehicles as they don't generate harmful tailpipe emissions or air pollution hazards that are typically seen with gasoline-powered vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

A Hybrid Electric Vehicle uses both, a gas-powered engine and an electric motor. The energy for the battery can be gained through regenerative braking. With a traditional gas-powered engine, this braking energy is normally just lost as heat in the brake pads and rotors, but with a hybrid, the energy is repurposed to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

A Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle also uses both, an engine and an electric motor. Like a regular hybrid vehicle, they can partially recharge their battery through regenerative braking. Where they differ from regular hybrids is typically by having a larger battery, as well as being able to plug into a grid to recharge. A PHEV can go several dozen miles before the gas engine provides assistance. When the all-electric range is depleted, a PHEV then acts like a regular hybrid and can travel a distance on a tank of gasoline.